Read Why Nudge?
Why Nudge? Free read Ø PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Á ➮ [Read] ➪ Why Nudge? By Cass R. Sunstein ➺ – Gwairsoft.co.uk The bestselling author of Simpler offers a powerful provocative and convincing argument for protecting people from their own mistakes Based on a series of pathbreaking lectures given at Yale UniUt also recognizes the risk of government overreaching and usually preserves freedom of choice Against those who reject paternalism of any kind Sunstein shows that “choice architecture” government imposed structures that affect our choices is inevitable and hence that a form of paternalism cannot be avoided He urges that there are profoundly moral reasons to ensure that choice architecture is helpful rather than harmful and that it makes people’s lives better and longer. Libertarian paternalism is a clever concept but the libertarians hate the paternalism and the paternalists don't give a hoot about the libertarian aspect In an ideal world we wouldn't need it and in the real world it seems unlikely to win without a constituencyThis book's contribution was an attempt to refute or at least reframe Mill's harm principle that only defending someone from harm justifies use of power Sunstein wants us to believe that experts can have superior knowledge and use that knowledge to justify using power to protect the ignorant from themselves He made a case though he didn't convince me And he seems rather casual about the potential downside of giving such power to experts I'd like to blog about this and try to counter his arguments I'm not sure I have enough motivation
Cass R. Sunstein Î 6 characters
The bestselling author of Simpler offers a powerful provocative and convincing argument for protecting people from their own mistakes Based on a series of pathbreaking lectures given at Yale University in this powerful thought provoking work by national best selling author Cass R Sunstein combines legal theory with behavioral economics to make a fresh argument about the legitimate scope of government bearing on obesity smoking distracted driving health care food safety and ot. As many others pointed out the writing style isn't great and the structure could be better Nevertheless the point comes across well and is valuable Sunstein's intellectual opponent in this book is John Stuart Mill defender of the Harm principle This well known principle has it that freedom should prevail unless harm is caused to an innocent bystander Freedom from the state and freedom from others in general Mill's argument for freedom from the state is epistemic individuals themselves know best what is good for them the state has insufficient information and therefore should not attempt to regulate people's lives with sweeping laws that do not fit particulars A good argument Sunstein recognizes this but sees a problem from his background in behavioral psychology People sometimes aren't always rational and don't always do what is best for themselves They agree with things they didn't read don't take the effort to gather information are unreasonably optimistic etc; all examples of 'behavioral market failures' which may trump the Harm principle In these cases soft regulations are in place and could take the form of nudges such as warnings appropriate default rules disclosure of information It manipulates the choice architecture of certain situations people are in for their own good And while that sounds bad choice architecture is always already there whether regulated or not; and in many cases choices and decisions are already made for us without our opinions being asked and that's a very good thing for society I don't know what safety standard medicine should abide by and our own free timeBut of course the issue of heterogeneity remains why would a single nudge be beneficial to everyone True point but not in all cases limiting cigarette use is universally desirable and there is room for personalization based on age gender living district etc A second big deal is of course the fact that it concerns government intervention Civil servants make mistakes just as well by accident or by accident but in a large organization where regulation passes many hurdles and a scrutinizing public eye before being passed things might not be as bad Nonetheless transparency is key especially in the case of often subtle nudges The weak point to my mind is Sunstein's refutation of the argument from autonomy He tries to put a desire for autonomy aside as a cognitive heuristic that is actually about welfare In Kahneman's vocabulary A system 1 response to what system 2 recognizes is of real importance A bit too easy a response for real worries to me
Read Æ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Î Cass R. Sunstein
Why NudgeHer highly volatile high profile public issues Behavioral economists have established that people often make decisions that run counter to their best interests producing what Sunstein describes as “behavioral market failures” Sometimes we disregard the long term sometimes we are unrealistically optimistic sometimes we do not see what is in front of us With this evidence in mind Sunstein argues for a new form of paternalism one that protects people against serious errors b. Sunstein's book is in essence an attempt to argue why libertarian paternalism is not a contradiction in terms and why John Stuart Mill's On Liberty expression of the freedom of the free individual to make free choices—even those that work against his best interests—is not adumbrated by nudges The book has fewer examples of nudges in action than NUDGE and is clearly intended for a academic audience Like NUDGE which preceded the 2007–8 crash WHY NUDGE precedes another seismic change in what we consider the role of government in that it was published before Trump became president WHY NUDGE therefore suffers from NUDGE's same Polyannish belief both that government is unimportant enough that a nudge here and there can suffice and that it's filled with decent politicians who are happy to nudge people in the right direction As is clear from the 2007–8 crash and the 2016 election politics is filled with those who fail to honor their fiduciary responsibilities are asleep at the wheel love to elbow and kick and not simply nudge and are beholden to special interests no matter how small or extreme Sunstein who served in the Obama administration for a couple of years might have written a very different book if this had come out in 2017 and not a few years before