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READ ✓ E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ê Michael Patrick Lynch

Ll those gadgets on our wrists in our pockets and on our laps will be a net gain for humanity Along the way Lynch uses a philosopher's lens to examine some of the most urgent issues facing digital life today including how social media is revolutionizing the way we think about privacy why a greater reliance on Wikipedia and Google doesn't necessarily make knowledge democratic and the perils of using big data alone to predict cultural trendsPromising to modernize our understanding of what it means to be human in the digital age The Internet of Us builds on previous works by Nicholas Carr James Gleick and Jaron Lanier to give us a necessary guide on how to navigate the philosophical uagmire that is the Information A. Other people have said everything in this book before and they have said it better The analysis is incredibly shallow and the examples given are basicOne gets the impression that this book was written to fill the last week of a freshmen level course when students go So how does all this philosophy stuff actually have anything to do with my life anyway

CHARACTERS The Internet of Us

The Internet of UsWe used to say seeing is believing now googling is believing With access to nearly all of the world's information at our fingertips we no longer The Internet eBook #226 trek to the library or the encyclopedia shelf in search of answers We just open our browsers type in a few keywords and wait for the information to come to us Indeed the Internet has revolutionized the way we learn and know as well as how we interact with each other And yet this explosion of technological innovation has also produced a curious paradox even as we know we seem to understand lessWhile a wealth of literature has been devoted to life with the Internet the deep philosophical implications of this seismic shift have not been properly expl. Of the societal issues I struggle with our seeming dependence on the internet and social media are usually at the forefront of my thoughts As I walk through the crowded station on my way to work every morning dodging people walking with their heads down in their phones or wondering as I occasionally look over the shoulder of someone staring intently at their phone what is so enrapturing spoiler alert it is often than not Pokemon Go or pictures of themselves it is something that is difficult to avoid thinking about Michael Patrick Lynch’s “The Internet of Us” however touches less on internet addiction but rather how we interact with the technologies that are seemingly an inseparable part of our lives In particular he examines the influence of big data corporations such as google and how they have profoundly changed what we consider knowledge In a world where access to “knowledge” is literally at our fingertips at a moment’s notice Lynch uestions the increasingly entrenched idea that this is actually knowledge at all Citing philosophers from Locke to Plato Lynch makes the argument for knowledge being than simply accepting that an answer from a source we assume to be reliable such as wikipedia or our social group We assume this must be correct because the former and the latter are presumably large groups that have in effect “crowdsourced” a problem and arrived at a solution Lynch presents the argument however that our groups via a shared experience tend to be biased toward answers that reflect that experience While they may in fact arrive at the “correct” answer if it is not an answer you have arrived at through asking uestions reflection and experience it is not “knowledge” in the true sense To not be simply receptive to information without asking “why” is crucial for establishing the legitimacy of facts Or as Lynch elouently writes In order to solve the information coordination problem we can’t just live up to our own standards We need to be willing to explain ourselves to one another in terms we can both understand It is not enough to be receptive downloaders and reflective responsible believers We also need to be reasonable Reasonableness isn’t a matter of being polite It has a public point Exchanging reasons matters because it is a useful way of laying out evidence of credibility It is why we often demand that people give us arguments for their views reasons that they can upload onto our shared public workspace We use these reasons for good or ill as trust tags And the converse holds as well If I want you to trust me I will find it useful to give you some publicly appreciable evidence for thinking of me as credible Lynch also makes some fascinating arguments about the danger of big data and how it strips autonomy from the individual As someone who has had than a few maddening arguments with people about why companies collecting your data is unhealthy and undemocratic I am often told that if I’m not doing anything illegal who cares if someone is collecting information about what I eat or buy Lynch lays out the case for exactly why this is In effect while we think that trading some privacy for convenience does minimal harm it is in cuts at the very essence of who we are as free thinking beings Lynch explains how this affects us in ways that we are often unaware of Totally autonomous decisions are no doubt extremely rare; indeed philosophers have long uestioned whether they are possible at all But it is clear that we value autonomy of decision even if we can only approximate the ideal That’s because autonomy of decision is part of what it is to be a fully mature person And that I believe tells us something about why privacy matters It matters at least in part because information privacy is linked to autonomy and thereby an important feature of personhood itself There are two ways to infringe on a person’s autonomy of decision The most obvious way is by overruling the decision either by direct compulsion I point a gun at your head or by indirectly controlling your values and commitments I brainwash you A subtler way of infringing on your autonomy is to undermine it Suppose a doctor makes the decision to give you a drug without asking your permission Nobody has made you decide to do something But your autonomy has been undermined nonetheless and for an obvious reason your decision has been foreclosed You are not in a position to make the decision It has been made for you But privacy invasions generally don’t harm autonomy in this way They don’t overrule privacy They undermine it Suppose to take a old fashioned example that I break into your house and read your diary over and over again every day Suppose further that I make copies for my friends Even if again you never learn of this I am harming you in a new way by undermining your capacity to control your private information Whether you know it or not that capacity is diminished You may think you have the autonomy to decide whether to share your diary or not But in fact you are not in a position to make the decision; I’ve made that decision for you Your autonomy of decision has been undermined In short there is a short leap from being willing to trust in large companies to intrude in and manipulate every moment of your day to being receptive to a government doing the same A government that sees its citizens private information as subject to tracking and collection has implicitly adopted a stance toward those citizens inconsistent with the respect due to their inherent dignity as autonomous individuals It has begun to see them not as persons but as objects to be understood and controlled That attitude is inconsistent with the demands of democracy itself In this sense defending your autonomy is the bedrock of democratic societies When that erodes the democracy erodes with it When google facebook or others argue that privacy in essence your autonomy as a human being with a right to withhold information about yourself is not a legitimate concern in a networked world it is perhaps instructive to remember Lynch’s argument These reflections also give the lie to the idea that privacy of information is a modern creation It is not The source of privacy’s value is deeper lying at the intersection of autonomy and personhood itself That is why privacy still matters We are wise not to forget that even as we trade it away Knowledge may be transparent but power rarely is

Michael Patrick Lynch Ê 9 READ

READ The Internet of Us 109 ↠ ✷ [BOOKS] ✫ The Internet of Us By Michael Patrick Lynch ❁ – We used to say seeing is believing; now googling is believing With 247 access to nearly all of the world's information at our fingertips we no longer trek to the library or the encyclopedia shelf in s We used to say seeing is beliOred until now Demonstrating that knowledge based on reason plays an essential role in society and that there is much to “knowing” than just acuiring information leading philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch shows how our digital way of life makes us overvalue some ways of processing information over others and thus risks distorting what it means to be humanWith far reaching implications Lynch's argument charts a path from Plato's cave to Shannon's mathematical theory of information to Google Glass illustrating that technology itself isn't the problem nor is it the solution Instead it will be the way in which we adapt our minds to these new tools that will ultimately decide whether or not the Internet of Things a. The ease of Google searches leads to our subtly devaluing other ways of knowing Like our love affair with the automobile leads us to overvalue one way to get where we are going We lose sight that we can reach our destinations in other ways which have significant value on their own