READ & DOWNLOAD º The Box How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger

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READ & DOWNLOAD º The Box How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger ☆ [Download] ➽ The Box How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy Bigger By Marc Levinson – In April 1956 a refittAlmost any container to travel on any truck or train or ship Ultimately it took McLean's success in supplying US forces in Vietnam to persuade the world of the container's potential Drawing on previously neglected sources economist Marc Levinson shows how the container transformed economic geography devastating traditional ports such as New York and London and fueling the growth of previously obscure ones such as Oakland By making shipping so cheap that industry could locate factories far from its customers the container paved the way for Asia to become the world's workshop and brought consumers a previously unimaginable variety of low cost products from around the glo. Fantastic history of something you wouldn't realize deserves a history Traces the introduction of standardized containers into the modern shipping industry and examines its impact on the shipping industry itself obviously other transportation industries manufacturing labor unions and social dynamics of waterfront cities Enthusiastic without being too preachy very insightful and thought provoking and the one accusation that could be leveled is that occasionally just occasionally it is a little dry I found the social impact of containerization particularly interesting I live in NYC and it is fascinating to imagine standing on the piers along the Hudson and rolling the clock backwards and seeing it turn into a bustling old style waterfront This book also made me want to head out to Elizabeth to see the docks there where all the shipping went I'd love to read about what cities that lost out on shipping business did with their waterfronts Examples of these mentioned in the book include Manhattan and Brooklyn San Francisco Boston and London all of which are considered very desirable places to live probably with valuable office and residential buildings occupying old pier space and it's unclear that they really lost in the long run by no longer being major ports of call Aside from great stories and details about the shipping industry specifically this book is a great case study in the impact of a disruptive technology sorry to use that now badly overused word but that's what it is Containerization illustrated many lessons about such technologies It's never obvious that it's going to work at first The benefits are not always reaped by the first entrants True benefits can take many years to emerge while other parts of the economy reshape themselves to fit the disruption There is not much use in fighting technological developments OR less obviously the repercussions they will have on society the best we can do is smooth the way a little bit for people who are hurt to adapt It's not easy to predict who will benefit and who will be hurt by technological changes and over what time frames these benefits and hurts will accumulate any prognostication really needs to acknowledge its own limits and uncertaintiesAt 31 I'm too young to have experienced a world where the fruits of containerized shipping weren't at my fingertips but I imagine that this book might be especially enjoyable for older generations of readers who might be able to trace the rise of containerization with changes in the economy they remember seeing in their lives


In April How the ePUB #9734a refitted oil tanker carried fifty eight shipping containers from Newark to Houston From that modest beginning container shipping developed into a huge industry that made the boom in global trade possible The Box tells The Box PDFEPUB or the dramatic story of the container's creation the decade of struggle before it was widely adopted and the sweeping economic conseuences of the sharp fall in transportation costs that containerization brought about Published on the fiftieth anniversary of the Box How the PDF #8608 first container voyage this is the first comprehensive history of the shipping container It recounts how the drive and imaginatio. Containerisation is globalisation Nine ways in which shipping has changed the world1 All ships trains trailers and cranes for freight are built to the exact same standards On a ship the tolerance on the rails that lock the containers in place is 14 It doesn't matter if it is a refrigerated container a double doors one or any of the 16 types of container all are built to the same external and weight bearing parameters It doesn't matter if it is in Egypt Sydney or Cape Town all the ports are built the same way All cargo is tracked in the same way on computers2 The heavily protective and Marxist trade unions that fought so hard for their workers in places such as New York and London and Liverpool in the UK lost out to ports built specifically for containers that had no prior agreements with dockers longshoremen Rotterdam in Holland and Tilbury in England got the business3 The merchant navy employed many men on cargo ships 1000 yard container ships carry a crew of between 6 and 20 from cheap non unionised countries such as the Philippines 4 Smuggling of illegal items and people became much easier Searching the boxes and barrels of a cargo ship is one thing Searching through thousands of containers locked at point of loading and not unlocked until they reach their final destination is uite another5 What was once a week long sojourn in port as cargo was unloaded trucked away and new trucks and trains arrived with cargo for loading is accomplished in 24 hours As soon as one set of cranes has cleared an area another crane is placing on new containers No people seeing the world working on cargo boats 6 Because of economies of scale the reduction in labour costs and the greater efficiency of shipping freight costs have gone down enormously so people previously unable to afford certain first world luxuries now consider them as everyday items Even in the remotest villages of the poorest countries where there is no national grid just one generator inevitably there will be mobile phones7 What is designed in one country may be made with fabric from a second manufactured in a third and distributed in a fourth The owner of the business might live in a fifth Goods are manufactured where labour is cheapest One pair of my Old Navy jeans was made in Vietnam another identical pair in Haiti8 It costs 70% extra to ship an empty container back to its home port But only 10% to dump it This has resulted in parks of rusting containers inelegant in their uselessness There are small industries reusing these containers as homes bars even swimming pools and small industrial etc units But nothing like enough to rid the world of these piled up ugly big boxes9 And for this we have to thank Malcom McLean a trucker turned genius entrepreneur with a vision for globalisationIn regions like the Caribbean with small islands containers are broken down into small units for shipping to even smaller islands on cargo boats Men standing on the goods 'armed' with machetes slash the polythene wrapping or cut down between boxes unloaded from the containers This is why all four of my leather chairs came slashed making them immediately 'shabby chic' or worse This is just part of the price one pays to live in paradise and not be fully globalised as yet Notes on reading the bookThe thinking behind ships and trains etc had to change before containers could take over the freight world Ships had to stop thinking they were in the sailing business for instance and begin to see themselves as freight movers Everything they did had to be with the idea of the best cheapest easiest way to handle freight and get it on it's way Once they did that the box container was set to change the world and it hasShipping had previously been so expensive that they were best made locally even if the raw materials had to be imported Now the material might be bought in one country shipped to another for manufacture and to a third for sale faster and cheaper than when goods were packed in boxes and loaded and unloaded piece by piece by longshoremen Previous to containers a ship might be in port a week loading and unloading and need a fair size crew on board Since containers 20 men can run a ship the length of three football pitches and it can be loadedunloaded and on it's way within 24 hoursI knew uite a lot about shipping partly from previous reading but just generally But this book is all about detail and there are many aspects to containerisation that are interesting Not all good all the dockers out of work but ever since the Industrial Revolution men have been replaced by machines Our cleverness is not necessarily the best thing for humanity but is unstoppable

Marc Levinson ð 1 READ & DOWNLOAD

The Box How the Shipping Container Made the World Smaller and the World Economy BiggerN of Box How the Shipping Container PDFEPUB or an iconoclastic entrepreneur Malcom McLean turned containerization from an impractical idea into a massive industry that slashed the Box How the Shipping Container PDFEPUB or cost of transporting goods around the world and made the boom in global trade possible But the container didn't just happen Its adoption reuired huge sums of money both from private investors and from ports that aspired to be on the leading edge of a new technology It reuired years of high stakes bargaining with two of the titans of organized labor Harry Bridges and Teddy Gleason as well as delicate negotiations on standards that made it possible for. The Box tries to do many things at once describing how the advent of the shipping container changed trade flows transformed cities from New York City to Felixstowe to Long Beach and Oakland and changed the nature of the livelihood of dockworkers The Box probably fares best on the latter two fronts Its account of the decline of NY's ports as the Port Authority of NY shifted its operations towards Elizabeth and Newark how it led to a hollowing out of manufacturing operations and the subseuent transformation of obsolete port infrastructure like Pier 42 and Chelsea Piers into other uses is fascinating for those interested in NYC history Likewise the narrative on the bruising battles between longshoremen unions like the Int'l Longshoremen's Association and shipping interests and the complex system that had evolved over the years to provide work or a semblance of it to union members France's 35 weeks is nothing by comparisonThe Box is weakest when it tries to explain the economics of container shipping The lack of early data on container shipping is probably one cause Levinson pulls out random data willy nilly to support his thesis but the fragmented data doesn't always present a compelling case coming across as ad hoc justifications I also found these parts of the narrative to be rather dry and lacking the coherent flow of the other sections